Wedding in Poland
A foreigner, in order to enter into a marriage in Poland, in the appropriate Civil Registry Office should submit:
- an ID document with a photo;
- a copy of the birth certificate together with the official translation in the case when the act was made in a language other than Polish – the list of authorized translators is published on the websites of the Ministry of Justice or the websites of Polish consulates;
- a certificate from the country of origin about the capacity to marry, along with a sworn translation of this document into Polish;
In the event that a foreigner has previously been married in addition to the above-mentioned documents, he should submit:
- a shortened copy of the marriage certificate with an annotation of divorce or a copy of the final court decision on divorce. If the divorce took place abroad, it is necessary to submit the original copy of the decision with an official translation. Polish law may require the judgment to be considered effective in Poland, then it is necessary to attach a legally binding order of the court;
- a shortened copy of the marriage certificate with the annotation of marriage annulment or a copy of the final court decision;
- shortened copy of the spouse’s death certificate (for widowers and widows);
There are situations when the country of origin does not issue a certificate of the ability to marry, then you must conduct proceedings before the Polish District Court. It will be necessary to submit an application for an exemption from the obligation to submit a document to the Civil Registry Office.
Divorce in the UK
British courts are competent to conduct a divorce proceeding if even one of the spouses has a permanent residence in the United Kingdom or stays in it for at least a year before filing for a divorce. The question of the citizenship of the spouses and the place of the marriage remain irrelevant.
It should be remembered that a divorce petition can be filed only one year after the marriage. The condition for obtaining a divorce decree is to show that the marriage has been broken up. The reasons for the distribution are:
- betrayal of a spouse;
- unreasonable behavior of the spouse;
- abandonment for a period of at least two years;
- two-year separation and consent of both parties for divorce;
- separation lasting five years (consent of the other party for divorce is not necessary).
If the spouses have children under 16 or under 18 if they continue their education, it will also be necessary for the court to determine with whom the children will live and how they will contact the other parent.
After delivering the claim and conducting preliminary activities, the judge issues a preliminary divorce decree if he / she finds that there are grounds for divorce. If there is no dispute between the parties regarding matters relating to minor children and financial matters, the divorce may take place by correspondence. If the judge decides that it is necessary, he may summon the parties to court to clarify the doubts.
The final stage of divorce proceedings is the court’s issuing of a valid and final decision on divorce. After receiving this document, the parties cease to be married and may enter into another relationship.