Doing business regardless of its form requires registration in the relevant register of entrepreneurs. In Poland, there are three business registers: Krajowy Rejestr Sądowy, Centralna Ewidencja i Informacji o Gospodalności Gospodarczej and the Register of Foreign Entrepreneurs. If you do not have Polish citizenship and you want to run a business in Poland, you have the right to undertake and run a business. You can also open a branch or representative office in your own company in Poland or offer or provide your services temporarily.
What is the register of economic activities?
CEIDG is a collection of all investors, who are natural persons and operate in Poland. Recording of economic activities is carried out from 1 July 2011 in the ICT system through the minister responsible for economy. In CEIDG, you must register a civil partnership and individual business activity (self-employment).
In the case of selection of activities in the form of a partnership or capital register, it is made in the National Court Register, managed by district courts appropriate for the seat of the established company. External persons from the European Union Member States, member states of the European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA) – parties to the agreement on the European Economic Area and foreign persons from countries that are not parties to the European Economic Area agreement, who may derive from the freedom of establishment on the basis of contracts concluded through these countries with the European Community and its Member States, may undertake and conduct business activity on the territory of the Republic of Poland on the same rules as Polish citizens. People from countries outside the European Union, including Ukrainian residents, can run a business in Poland, provided that they fulfill legal criteria and therefore have a suitable residence permit.
What is KRS?
The National Court Register is the information base in which entrepreneurs register. The register consists of three independent directories. In specific catalogs, entrepreneurs, insolvent debtors, associations, other social and professional organizations, foundations and public healthcare institutions must register. The task of the National Court Register is to provide data on the legal status of a registered entity (eg a company), the most important elements of its financial situation and its representation.
Register of Representatives of Foreign Entrepreneurs
Foreign entrepreneurs can create their own representative offices in Poland. The creation of such a form of economic activity requires an entry in the register of representative offices of foreign investors, carried out by the minister of economy. When establishing a company in the form of a foreign branch, a condition derived from the act is also that the area of activity of a specific branch in Poland is not larger than the activity of a company already carried out by a foreigner in the home state.